Monday, 29 July 2013

Halitosis....Bad breath!


                                 Halitosis



The Facts on Halitosis

Halitosis is also referred to as oral malodor, but most of us know it quite simply as "bad breath." Even though it's a comparatively minor health problem, bad breath can be distressing and a bit of a social handicap. It is not a wonder that we spend millions each year on efforts to freshen our breath with various gums, sprays, and mouthwashes.

Causes of Halitosis

The most common cause of bad breath is the food you eat. Garlic, onions, some kinds of fish, and diets rich in fat and meat can all result in halitosis. When these foods are digested, volatile substances or chemicals are absorbed into your bloodstream and are carried to your lungs where they are exhaled in your breath. In one study, rubbing garlic on the feet actually caused bad breath!
The breakdown products of proteins in the body used for energy are exhaled through the lungs, and therefore missing meals, hunger, fasting, starvation, and low-calorie diets can also cause "hunger breath."
Because there is no flow of saliva during sleep, putrefaction (decomposition or rotting) of saliva and debris in the mouth can lead to bad breath in the morning.
Halitosis is also caused by:
  • smoking
  • alcohol
  • dentures
  • periodontal or gum disease that causes teeth to become loose, thereby creating pockets in the gums that harbour bacteria and lead to bad breath
  • chronic lung or sinus infections
  • breathing through your mouth because of enlarged tonsils or adenoids
  • mouth infections such as thrush (candidiasis)
  • systemic diseases such as diabetes, liver disease, or kidney disorders
  • pregnancy
  • not brushing or flossing regularly
Taking certain medications can also cause bad breath, especially those that reduce the flow of saliva and dry out the mouth (e.g., some antidepressants, antipsychotics, antihistamines, decongestants, and medications to reduce high blood pressure).

Symptoms and Complications of Halitosis

The awkward irony of halitosis is that many people aren't aware that they have it. This is because the cells in the nose that are responsible for the sense of smell actually become unresponsive to the continuous stream of bad odour. If you have bad breath, you may need to be told, or you may notice the negative reaction of other people when you're just too close!

Diagnosing Halitosis

It's easy to self-diagnose bad breath. You can lick your wrist, let it dry for a few seconds and smell the area, or cup your hands over your mouth and sniff your own breath. If you need a second opinion, ask a friend, family member, or your physician or dentist.


Treating and Preventing Halitosis

The manufacturers of mints and mouthwashes have made an industry out of the public's desire for fresh breath. These products promise that your breath can be made sweet-smelling and "minty fresh." However, they're only temporarily helpful at best in controlling breath odours. In fact, many often contain sugar and alcohol, which may lead to tooth decay and may aggravate certain mouth conditions.
Proper care of the mouth and teeth and regular visits to the dentist are important, and are the most effective way to control bad breath. Regular brushing, flossing, rinsing, and tongue scraping can help prevent problems.
Sometimes, halitosis may be caused by illnesses such as lung disease, impaired emptying of the stomach, liver failure, or kidney failure. In this case, treating the underlying condition can improve the halitosis as well.
Here are some tips for getting rid of bad breath:
  • Brush your teeth 3 times a day and floss once daily.
  • Clean your tongue before bedtime by scraping with a plastic tongue cleaner or brushing gently.
  • Prevent hunger breath by eating regularly and avoiding fasting or skipping meals.
  • Ask your dentist to recommend a specific cleaning system that can help clean your mouth more thoroughly than with just regular brushing.
  • Keep your nose and sinuses clean.
  • Stimulate saliva flow with acidic fruits such as oranges and lemons or sugarless citric gums and candy.
  • Eat more fibrous foods. Chew fibrous vegetables such as parsley and wintergreen to stimulate saliva flow.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water daily to keep your mouth moist and to help rinse away odour-forming bacteria.
  • Decrease alcohol and coffee intake.
  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist whether your medications are causing problems of dry mouth that may be leading to bad breath.
Culled from www.bodyandhealth.canada.com

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Friday, 26 July 2013

Is Jonathan The President Or The Precedent?



If I were President Goodluck Jonathan, I would not be happy. I would wonder what I have done to deserve this type of treatment. I could even see it as a ploy to ridicule me and my office. I would appeal that such be stopped, especially for the sake of the young ones who are impressionable.
As a child, I was advised to watch the television and listen to the radio, especially to news bulletins, as well as read newspapers and magazines, so as to learn how to speak and write good English. That piece of advice proved useful.
However, in recent times, I have started questioning that. I have found myself regrettably warning younger ones and those I coach on spoken and written English to be wary of what they hear or read from the Nigerian media. This is because the bug of mediocrity, which has eaten deep into all facets of our national life, has not spared our media industry.
Except for about two newspapers, one of which is The PUNCH, one TV station and one radio station, I have not seen any serious attempt by our media houses to ensure that the language of their broadcasters or reporters is of top-notch quality. The emphasis seems to be only on the information passed across.
Therefore, every day when I listen to the radio or watch the TV, I hear most broadcasters and presenters call our President “precedent” instead of “president”. The “s” in “president” must always be pronounced as /z/ and never as /s/. Once the “s” is pronounced as /s/, the word becomes “precedent” /presɪdənt/ instead of “president” /ˈprezɪdənt/. Painfully, this anomaly has spread from the media houses to the Senators, members of the House of Representatives, ministers, governors, and our professionals, most of who now call the President “precedent,” thereby unintentionally insulting the President. That is the power of the media. People believe that the media is the bastion of knowledge. Whatever emanates from it is assumed to be correct.
Just as the “s” in “president” must be sounded as /z/, so also must the “s” in some other words like “present/presentation”, “reside/residence,” “design/designation,” ”resign/resignation,” “resound/resounding,” “resume/resumption,” “presume/presumption,” “oppose/opposition,” “compose/composition,” “lose,” must be pronounced as /z/.
On the other hand, there are some words whose “s” must be pronounced as /s/ and not as /z/. These words include: base, basic, bass, basin, assume, consume, consult, increase, decrease, release, rehearsal, loose, etc.
In English, the pronunciation of a word is not primarily determined by its spelling. If it were so, the ending of “tough” and “though” would be the same, while the verb “read” and its past tense “read” would be pronounced alike.  The rule is that the pronunciation of each word must be confirmed from a dictionary. Every serious broadcaster should have the Daniel Jones pronunciation dictionary, which is to be consulted regularly. That dictionary also has the soft copy version that sounds each word, making life easy for a broadcaster.
Furthermore, it is sad to hear a broadcaster or reporter pronounce “airport” as “hairport” or “earport.” You wonder why a person who has not conquered his or her intrusion is allowed to come on air.  If a broadcaster cannot overcome some speech defects, he or she can perform well behind the cameras: news production, administration, operations, marketing and advertising. But allowing such a person to come on air to broadcast news, present programmes or file in news reports shows that the radio or TV station has no respect for its audience, neither does it value excellence.
Also, there are some words and expressions that have been so wrongly used in both the electronic media and the print media that it is difficult convincing a Nigerian that such words and expressions are not correct. For example, “several” does not mean “many,” neither does “severally” mean “many times”: “severally” actually means “separately” or “individually.” A “dupe” is the person who has been deceived or tricked, not the person who dupes another: the culprit is the duper. “Stature” is not the shape or figure of a human being; it is the natural height of a human being. So, someone’s stature can be 6 feet or 5 feet. From this meaning comes the other meaning of “stature” as someone’s reputation gained through achievement, as in literary stature or political stature.
It is also un-English to say or write that what is good for the goose is good for the gander. Even if taken literally, this statement is fallacious. Since the gander is the male of a goose, it is not all that is good for the goose that is good for the gander. For example, it is good for the goose to lay eggs, but abominable for the gander to do so. The correct saying is: what’s sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander.
Similarly, he who pays the piper calls the tune: he does not “dictate” the tunes. That is a stock expression. It cannot be changed. Tunes are not dictated; they are called. Also, a person worms his way into people’s hearts; he does not “warm” his way into their hearts. That expression is meant to draw a parallel between the winding movement of a worm and the subtle and indirect way a person makes himself liked by another. Moreover, someone who has the gift of oratory has the gift of the gab, not garb. Since “garb” means “clothing,” a person with the gift of the garb should be a person with a great fashion sense. In addition, a trouble-shooter is a problem solver, not a trouble-maker.
Furthermore, it is sad to see or hear a media person write or say that a person is a staff, a personnel, an elite or a riffraff, when it is known that these words represent a group of people. Therefore, one can only be a member of staff or a member of the elite.
Recently, the media has made strange efforts to change the forms of some verbs like “assure” and “inform.” These are transitive verbs: verbs that must take a direct object. These days, one hears or reads curious statements like: “The Governor informed that the project would be completed by the end of the year,” or “the Minister assured that he would look into the matter.” One is forced to ask: Inform whom? Assure whom? One cannot inform or assure a vacuum: one must inform or assure somebody. So it should be: “The Governor informed the community that the project would be completed by the end of the year,” or “the Minister assured the school that he would look into the matter.”
It is accepted that perfection is impossible, especially given the pressure under which media people work. However, there is a difference between an oversight and a mistake which stems from ignorance, laziness or presumptuousness. The media professional is supposed to be a language teacher to the public. He should not be a mediocrity. (The reader would notice that I did not say “a mediocre” as is often wrongly written or said). The dictionary should be with him always like his shadow. Luckily, different dictionaries are available online that one can refer to on one’s phone any time.
In addition to the poor political leadership that has promoted mediocrity in our land over the decades, much of the blame should also go to most owners of media houses. It is said that he who pays peanuts gets monkeys. Some owners of media houses are even notorious for not paying their staff for more than six months. That scenario makes it difficult for the best hands to remain in the industry. The salaries of journalists should not just be regular, they should reflect the enormous challenge that goes with the job. Journalists in the United States and the United Kingdom don’t easily run off to become aides to politicians, because some of them earn more than the politicians. Frequent training is also necessary.
However, whatever the challenges, the journalist must always strive for excellence, for as David W. Johnson said: “There are no speed limits on the road to excellence.”

Written by BY AZUKA ONWUKA  for punch newspapers


Thursday, 18 July 2013

Secrets To Female Satisfaction



These days most women want orgasms. That wasn’t always the case. A couple of generations or so ago, many adult females simply didn’t have climaxes – and a lot of them weren’t bothered about it. Probably a lot of them didn’t actually know what an orgasm was.
Some doctors claimed that for a huge proportion of women, it was ‘normal’ to have no experience of orgasm. Indeed, as late as the 1970’s, there were still some who maintained that female orgasm didn’t exist – and was simply a myth made up by the media.
All that has changed now. These days, medical opinion is that every woman should be able to have orgasms – if she wants to. Furthermore, the view of most sex experts is that the majority of women are capable of multiple orgasms – if they wish to have them. In general, the ability to have multiple orgasms is greater in more matured women.

What is female orgasm?
I am writing this explanation in the assumption that you – the reader – are male. But what follows will be of interest to a lot of female readers too.
What happens in a woman’s body during climax is very much like what happens in your (male) body when you ejaculate. In other words, there is a feeling of increasing excitement, building up to a point where everything ‘blows’ in a great blast of ecstasy. This ‘orgasmic moment’ is characterised by surges of contractions in the sex organs, occurring almost every 0.8 seconds.
Men are well aware that these throbs of pleasure are accompanied by the pumping out of spurts of seminal fluid. Obviously, this doesn’t happen in women.
A few females do produce some fluid at orgasm, but the impression given in so many erotic stories that most women ‘ejaculate’ is not correct. Only a minority of females do this.

Multiple orgasms
The other big difference between male and female orgasm is this: after the first climax, many women can ‘come’ again, often within a minute or two.
This ability is extremely rare in males. Relatively few young women can achieve multiple orgasms, because it’s an ability that usually has to be learned. But with the help of a skilled lover, most women can eventually achieve the capacity for multiple orgasms – if they so desire.

Bringing your women to a climax
For men perhaps the most important thing to realise about female climaxes is that with women, it’s not a mechanical thing – as it generally is with men.
You see, most males will ejaculate quite quickly if they have their penises rubbed. This applies even if the circumstances aren’t very romantic – or even if they don’t particularly like the person who is doing the rubbing! Women are not like this. Female orgasm isn’t a push-button response. The conditions have to be right.
Although females vary, many women need the following if they’re going to reach climax easily:
•A romantic atmosphere
•Pleasant, comfortable surroundings
•A partner who they really like
•A feeling of being wanted and appreciated
•A good flow of natural lubrication - so that the delicate female parts don’t get sore
•A skilled partner who knows how to stimulate the clitoris.
Unless you can provide the above, you are not going to have great success in giving your wife orgasms.
Please bear in mind that – contrary to what many men think – sexual intercourse by itself is not likely to produce an orgasm. This is because intercourse alone is not enough to stimulate the woman’s clitoris. Nearly all females need additional stimulation of the clitoris by fingers or mouth.
So, try not to give the impression to your wife that she ‘ought’ to be able to climax through intercourse alone and that that is what you think of as ‘proper sex’. The sex menu can be a varied one. Some women, for example, find it really easy to climax through oral sex – particularly if the guy is patient and sensitive to what his partner wants. And how does he find out what she wants and what turns her on? Well, a wise man will ask her.
What he should not do is to assume that his technique is flawless and that if his partner does not come, it’s her fault. Plenty of men think that because a previous girlfriend always came a certain way, this one should follow suit. Women are not all the same in their likes or dislikes. So, do try to treat your partner as an individual.
Many women like much more foreplay or love-play than men imagine. They want to feel that the man is keen on giving pleasure – and not just in a hurry to have his own climax. In fact, the worst thing a man can say to a woman is: ‘Haven’t you come yet?’ This is likely to make her feel extremely inadequate and will ruin any build-up of sexual pleasure and tension that might have been taking place.

What to do
In summary, here’s what to do if you want to bring your partner to orgasm regularly:
1.     Don’t be in a rush.
2.     Don’t be too demanding – it’s not an Olympic event.
3.     Talk to your partner, and ask her what she wants you to do to her.
4.     Always create a romantic atmosphere.
5.     Make sure that everything is comfortable and nice for her.
6.     Give her lots of kisses and cuddles before you even think about making any approach to her sexual area.
7.     When you do start to stroke, rub or kiss her genitals, don’t rush into ‘attacking’ her clitoris. Take things gently, and see what she wants.
8.     Use her own natural lubrication to moisten her clitoris. (If she is over 40, it may be a good idea to use some additional lubrication from a chemist or a sex shop).
9.     Remember that stimulation of the clitoris is the key to female orgasm.
10.    Sometimes encourage her to ‘run’ your sex sessions. You can learn a lot by watching how she stimulates herself or by really listening to her when she suggests a sex position, or a particular caress.

Written by Bosede Ola-Samuel

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Thursday, 11 July 2013

Is ‘provocative dressing’ a catalyst for rape?




Rape is a grievous crime everywhere in the world yet it is a crime that is on the increase and the profound million-dollar question, “why do men rape women?’ does not have a concrete explanation. After decades of researches, all we have are theories.Depending on the side of the spectrum rape is viewed from, the opinion varies. On one hand, psychologists view rape as a mental or emotional illness within the perpetrator, which differs from one offender to another and the drive behind such behaviour could range from the aggressive need to control and dominate, to dealing with rejection and revenge.Sociologists however, refute the notion of psychological illness and belief that rapists are not psychopaths. There are, of course, extreme individuals but most rapists are relatively normal.They blend well into the society and have more similarities with none-rapists than differences. Some sociologists believe that rape is an expression of gender inequality, while some attribute it to sexual tolerance within the society.
In the wake of high profile rape assaults around the world and the confusing conundrum created by the numerous theories provided by both schools of thought, policy makers are desperate to curb rape and protect potential victims and countries are turning to myth rather than science.Some countries have embraced the myth that rape is primarily a sexual act and are placing the responsibility of rape prevention on the women.In order to prevent a repeat of last year’s summer, where 13 per cent of women were sexually assaulted riding the subway in the Chinese capital, Beijing Public Security Bureau recently issued guidelines warning women not to wear miniskirts or other skimpy clothing in public transport.
Rape reports from India are almost on a daily basis with each one more horrendous than the last. The last straw was the two rape assaults on 5-year-olds within the month of April
5-year-old Gudiya was kidnapped, raped and tortured for two days by her neighbour and is still recovering in the hospital.
One man lured another 5-year-old into a farm where she was then raped by another who was a friend of her parents.  The girl suffered a brain injury when the men tried to stop her cries.She later died of cardiac arrest.
India government responded with stricter laws and a proposal to ban the display of bikini- clad mannequins outside lingerie shops to prevent the increase in sex assaults.According to India’s National Crime Records Bureau, one woman is raped every 20 minutes in India with Mumbai recording more than 15 per cent increase.South Korea might follow suit with their over exposure law, which carries a £30 fine.Last year December, Swaziland banned the wearing of miniskirts, crop tops, low-slung jeans and tank tops in public because they encourage rape. However, the ‘indlamu’ costume, a tiny beaded belt worn by young women to dance for King Mswati topless and with their buttocks fully exposed, is allowed.Since 2008, Uganda had been trying to ban miniskirts but Ugandans are not backing down. The government tried again in April and the Ethics and integrity Minister, Simon Lokodo tried to explain the reason behind the ban.
He said, “there are people who dress very provocatively, stimulating and provoking persons of the opposite sex - as if to say they are available, they are ready and therefore would at any time go for a sexual act. This is what we want to ban.“Any attire which exposes intimate parts of the human body, especially areas that are of erotic function, is outlawed. Anything above the knee is outlawed. If a woman wears a miniskirt, we will arrest her.”

The view that women’s dressing encourages rape is nothing new and though science says rape is not for sexual pleasure, full blooded everyday men beg to defer,When asked, men who were sunbathing in London Hyde Park on Thursday, though none of them claimed to be a rapist and are not paedophiles, almost all of them confirmed that  provocatively dressed ladies turn them on; the over exposed laps with a peak of bum cheeks, the sight of the midriff and boobs almost spilling out  are very overpowering and a man who is not strong willed might temporarily become insane. Blinded by sexual urges, he could  sexually assault a woman.But if just the clothes are to blame, what kind of sexy clothes could a toddler wear that would produce sexual desires in a sane man?No single theory can fully cover why people rape. A combination of the theories and even myths might be a contributing factor to rape depending on the individual.
A man who rapes a child definitely has psychological problems. Sexual frustration due to rejection could contribute. Half naked women parading the streets could cloud a man’s judgement however, it is not an invitation to treat and while women are being told how or what to wear, the men are not being educated on how to respect women and boundaries.The fact is, not every man is a rapist but every woman could be raped regardless of her age…..

culled from Tribune.com

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The Last Critic



I am not going to criticize this country anymore,this will be my last article on this terrible waste of space called Nigeria. Feel free to attack me, feel free to call me names, feel free to defend this country because  I've reached my peak of total disgust at the way things are done . Has anyone seen the youtube video of the Rivers State Law Makers ? I do not care who was right or wrong in the chaos that happened in the house but seeing a well dressed law maker attack and club another law maker makes one ask if this is the result of the joyous noise made in May 29 1999 when we ended the years of oppressive military rule.
Nigeria is a failed state ! I dare you to point to one thing that works in this country, point!! Show me!!
Is it security? Are you feeling safe in this country? If you're not kidnapped, you stand a chance of being robbed or shot to death by islamic insurgents or even knowingly or mistakenly  shot by the police men who are meant to provide security if you dare argue with them.Electricity? Please I'm not in the mood to touch that topic,we already know the answer to that.
Education ..here is my view of education in Nigeria,it is either your parents are very rich and can afford to send you abroad to study or they're rich enough to send you to private schools and universities in Nigeria or your parents are basically poor and they send you to government owned  schools and universities where incessant strikes will plague you till you eventually graduate. There is no middle class in Nigeria anymore, you're either poor or rich
Unemployment is on the increase,go to the airport and see how our youths are rushing out of this country aimlessly in hopes of a better future abroad , a journey clouded with uncertainty . In most countries abroad Nigerians have the highest numbers in their prisons with most of them likely to be executed for various offences ranging from drugs smuggling, internet scam, prostitution, name it we've done it.
Religion....ha !!! The biggest scam of them all. We're the laziest and most gullible set of living things I've come across! We keep praying like we want the red sea to open up in 2013! No way! That isn't going to happen brothers and sisters. What has all the prayers of yesteryears done for us, has it stopped corruption? Crime? Violence? Every single situation is converted to a prayer point , even the President says we should pray for this country like he doesn't know the kind of authority to set things right that he has. Religion in Nigeria is set to satisfy the pocket of the man who preaches it. 2015 elections is around the corner isn't it..Men of God are about to be seriously enriched as they host different politicians coming to seek their blessings and approval from members of such congregations oh well God offers redemption for every thieving scumbag out there so come one, come all.


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